thus, thusly
Thus is a word with an awkward role in modern English. Used sparingly and appropriately, it is highlȳ effective, whereas when over-used it can seem stilted and affected. It has two basic meanings, (1) ‘in this way’, and (2) ‘accordingly, therefore’. In the first meaning, it is placed in the same position as ‘in this way’ would be, but sits more comfortably before a verb or participle:

• He persistently declines to extend to the Press that assistance (such as circulating in advance scripts of major speeches, or sticking to the text of speeches thus pre-released) which so greatly facilitates newspaper production —Church Times, 1976.

In the second meaning, it can follow the word order used with therefore, except that initial position in a sentence often seems clumsy:

• Thus the parents, in conversation at home, are able to identify themselves with the place and people under discussion —Where, 1972.

In some uses, thus combines the two meanings:

• He attempts to defamiliarize and deconstruct the text and thus account for its persuasive power —Review of English Studies, 1984.

Thusly seems an unnecessary form, since thus is already an adverb, but it is used in AmE both in jocular and in formal contexts:

• On his way home George mused thusly —Boston Journal, 1889

• The division of responsibilities evolved thusly, with the help of a business consultant who enabled them to focus on specific areas —Art Business News, AmE 2002 [OEC].

Modern English usage. 2014.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thus — ([th]us), adv. [OE. thus, AS. [eth]us; akin to OFries. & OS. thus, D. dus, and E. that; cf. OHG. sus. See {That}.] 1. In this or that manner; on this wise. [1913 Webster] Thus did Noah; according to all that God commanded him, so did he. Gen. vi …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • thus — [ ðʌs ] adverb FORMAL *** Thus can be used in the following ways: as a way of showing how a sentence or clause is related to what has already been said: No decision had been made, and thus the situation remained unclear. as an ordinary adverb:… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • thus — W1 [ðʌs] adv formal [: Old English;] 1.) [sentence adverb] as a result of something that you have just mentioned ▪ Most of the evidence was destroyed in the fire. Thus it would be almost impossible to prove him guilty. 2.) in this manner or way ▪ …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • thus — [adv1] in this manner along these lines, as follows, hence, in kind, in such a way, in this fashion, in this way, just like that, like so, like this, so, thus and so, thus and thus, thusly, to such a degree; concept 544 thus [adv2] accordingly… …   New thesaurus

  • Thus — Thus, n. [L. thus, better tus, frankincense. See {Thurible}.] The commoner kind of frankincense, or that obtained from the Norway spruce, the long leaved pine, and other conifers. [1913 Webster] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • thus — O.E. þus in this way, related to þæt that and THIS (Cf. this), but the exact connection and P.Gmc. history are obscure. Cognate with O.S., O.Fris. thus, M.Du., Du. dus. Colloquial adv. thusly first recorded 1865 …   Etymology dictionary

  • thus — [thus] adv. [ME < OE] 1. in this or that manner; in the way just stated or in the following manner 2. to this or that degree or extent; so 3. according to this or that; consequently; therefore; hence: often used as a conjunctive adverb 4. for… …   English World dictionary

  • thus|ly — «THUHS lee», adverb. Informal. thus: »A Pisa pizza pie peddler we contacted commented thusly: “Balderdash!” (Maclean s) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Thus — (lat.), Weihrauch, Olibanum, s. b …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • thus — index a fortiori, consequently Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary